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Showing posts from September, 2012

final variables in Dart

(Shameless stolen from my own Stack Overflow question and answer.)
Dart has a concept of final. Most dynamic languages don't have this concept. What is final and what do I use it for? final variables can contain any value, but once assigned, a final variable can't be reassigned to any other value. For example: main() { final msg = 'hello'; msg = 'not allowed'; // **ERROR**, program won't compile } final can also be used for instance variables in an object. A final field of a class must be set before the constructor body is run. A final field will not have an implicit setter created for it, because you can't set a new value on a final variable. class Point { final num x, y; Point(this.x, this.y); } main() { var p = new Point(1, 1); print(p.x); // 1 p.x = 2; // WARNING, no such method } It's important to realize that final affects the variable, but not the object pointed to by the variable. That is, final doesn't make the variable'…

15 cool features of Dart

I wrote an answer on programmers.stackoverflow.com for the question "What are some useful features of the Dart programming language?"

The answer, or 13 answers, was too epic to be contained. It is copied here for your reading enjoyment. (Like the answer? Please vote it up. Thanks!)


1) Optional static types. When I'm prototyping or simply writing small scripts, I don't use a ton of static types. I just don't need 'em, and I don't want to get bogged down with the ceremony. However, some of those scripts evolve into bigger programs. As the scripts scale, I tend to want classes and static type annotations. 2) Innocent until proven guilty. Dart tries hard to minimize the situations that result in a compile-time error. Many conditions in Dart are warnings, which don't stop your program from running. Why? In keeping with web development fashion, it's imperative to allow developers to try a bit of code, hit reload, and see what happens. The developer shou…

What Dart Wants

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In which a long-time JavaScript community member learns what Dart wants, and is pleasantly surprised.

(Note, I'm speaking from my personal perspective in this post.)

A reasonable question

I received a nice email from Addy Osmani, my friend and colleague in Chrome Developer Relations. Addy is active with the JavaScript community, maintains TodoMVC archive, authors web development tutorials, and more. It's fair to say that Addy is plugged into modern web development.

As a current web developer, Addy was curious about Dart's motivations and philosophy. Is Dart out to replace JavaScript? Who is checking out Dart? What is Dart doing? What does it want? Luckily, Addy came to the right place. Here's what I wrote back.

Choice is good

We believe developer choice is good, and options are good. We believe Dart, which can provide a compelling option for modern web app development, ultimately brings more developers to the web. As long as those web apps run on the majority (aka modern …